Mark Wallinger is a British artist whose most famous works are Ecce Homo and State Britain. He was born in Chigwell, a town located in Essex and educated at the
of Art. After his studies he became a tutor at Londoner Chelsea School and started to exhibit his own art in the 1980s. Goldsmiths College
Through his work he emphasizes social class, royalty and nationalism. He has done a lot of paintings but since the 1990s he started using new techniques, for example sculpture for Ecce Homo.
Secondly, with State Britain, Wallinger moves away from painting and turns to installation art. It was exhibited in Tate Britain in 2007 and is a reproduction of the famous protest set up by Brian Haw in Parliament Square against the decisions taken concerning
in 2001. Most of the demonstration was removed because the man was protesting in an unauthorised area, which prompted strong reactions within the public. To mock the law prohibiting such protest within a radius of one kilometre around the Parliament, Wallinger drew a line corresponding to this limit throughout the galleries of Tate Iraq . Via his exhibition, Wallinger deals with questions such as freedom of expression or civil liberties in Britain . His political commitment was reinforced by a faithful rendering of the protest. For instance, he reproduced original banners and displayed teddy bears with peace slogans. This work enabled him to be nominated and to win the Turner Prize in 2007. Britain